1. Exploring Veganizo.com: Your Guide to Embracing a Vegan Lifestyle
  2. A Comprehensive Guide to Log in and Register a New Account on Apeuni.com
  3. Step-by-Step Guide: Emhare University Login & New Student Registration Process
  4. MP3Juice – Mp3 juice Download 2023
  5. Tubidy Music Downloader: Your Gateway to High-Quality MP3 Downloads
  6. Spiro Agnew’s Ghost: The Lingering Influence on American Politics and Media
  7. Cenelia Pinedo Blanco: The Supportive Wife Behind MLB Sensation Randy c
  8. Casa do Albergado de Manaus: Empowering Inmates for a Brighter Future (04.312.401/0004-80)
  9. Empowering Your Journey: Embracing self-control is strength. calmness is mastery. you – tymoff
  10. Navigating Taipei’s Roads: The Exciting World of Self-Driving Buses
  11. Luna Thurman-Busson: A Rare Glimpse into the Life of a Celebrity Child
  12. The Power of Data: YIMUSANFENDI’s Innovative Approach to Business Optimization
  13. Exploring com.dti.folderlauncher: A Guide to Understanding and Managing the System App on Your Android Device
  14. HighRiskPay.com: A Comprehensive Guide to High-Risk Merchant Accounts
  16. How to make space in little alchemy
  17. Lincoln Loud | The Loud House and Encyclopedia
  18. paxlovid and alcohol
  19. What is Google UK?
  20. What is strategy?
  21. What Is Management? Definition, Types, Skills, and Careers
  22. What is marketing?
  23. What is a Startup?
  24. Entrepreneur: What It Means to Be One and How to Get
  25. what is cyber security?
  26. google reverse image search
  27. Google Finance – Stock Market Prices, Real-time Quotes
  28. google doodle games
  29. google minesweeper
  30. What are Google Ads?
  31. What are internet chicks?
  32. How to download insta stories
  33. What is a yt to mp3
  34. What are unblocked games?
  35. What is a YouTube downloader?
  36. accessiBe Reviews 2023: Details, Pricing, & Features
  37. libs of tik tok
  38. What day is Super Bowl 2023? Here’s Everything You Need to Know About the Big Game
  39. Joining Blooket: A Comprehensive Guide
  40. Word Unscrambler: Unscramble Letters To Find the Best Words
  41. The Future of Freight and Parcel Delivery
  42. wellhealthorganic.com:winter-skin-care-tips-home-remedies-to-keep-your-skin-moisturised
  43. wellhealthorganic.com:red-chilli-you-should-know-about-red-chilli-uses-benefits-side-effects
  44. wellhealthorganic.com:some-amazing-health-benefits-of-drinking-water-from-an-earthen-pot
  45. wellhealthorganic.com:5-herbal-teas-you-can-consume-to-get-relief-from-bloating-and-gas
  46. wellhealthorganic.com/know-the-causes-of-white-hair-and-easy-ways-to-prevent-it-naturally
  47. wellhealthorganic.com:easy-way-to-gain-weight-know-how-raisins-can-help-in-weight-gain
  48. Wellhealthorganic.com:if-you-are-troubled-by-snoring-then-know-home-remedies-to-deal-with-snoring
  49. wellhealthorganic.com:vitamin-e-health-benefits-and-nutritional-sources
  50. wellhealthorganic.com:amazing-beauty-tips-of-ice-cube-will-make-you-beautiful-and-young
  51. wellhealthorganic.com:weight-loss-in-monsoon-these-5-monsoon-fruits-can-help-you-lose-weight
  52. wellhealthorganic.com:facial-fitness-anti-aging-facial-exercises-to-look-younger-every-day
  53. wellhealthorganic.com:alcohol-consumption-good-for-heart-health-new-study-says-no
  54. wellhealthorganic.com:11-health-benefits-and-side-effects-of-olives-benefits-of-olives
  55. wellhealthorganic.com:diet-for-excellent-skin-care-oil-is-an-essential-ingredient
  56. What are the requirements for HQL training in Baltimore, MD?
  57. Advanced Ductless Fume Hoods for Safe Laboratory Environments
  58. City walk Apartments: Dubai’s Modern Goldmine
  59. What are the rules you should know about Teen Patti?
  60. Ackerman Principle 101: What You Need to Know
  61. Why Night Pyjamas for Women Are the Perfect Loungewear
  62. Marketplace Software: A Game-Changing Solution for E-commerce Businesses
  63. 2D Electrophoresis: A Powerful Tool for Proteomics Research
  64. Powering the Lone Star State: Energy Executive Recruiter Texas by Energy Search Associates
  65. The Growing Significance of Healthcare Compliance Jobs by Conselium
  66. Mining Company in Tanzania: An Overview
  67. How does Modalert 200mg help narcolepsy patients?
  68. The Use of Imovane to Treat Insomnia
  69. Maryland Firearms Safety Training Course: What You Need to Know
  70. Quick Turn PCB Prototypes: Accelerating Your Innovation with PCB-togo
  71. Myhep All Buy Online: A Revolutionary Treatment for Hepatitis C
  72. Sparkle Restoration Services: Your Trusted Partner for Kitchen Remodeling in Anaheim
  73. Enzalutamide 40 Mg Capsules: A New Hope for Prostate Cancer Patients
  74. Unveiling the Magic of Pink Peppercorn Essential Oil by Essential Oil Wizardry (EOW)
  75. These Qualities are shared by Couples who survive during Hard Moments
  76. Ways you can increase your fitness level
  77. The Benefits of Yoga and Meditation
  78. How to Get Fit at Home Workout
  79. Experience the Best of Dubai Living at City Walk Apartments for Rent

The Taipei City Government and Turing Drive Inc. have teamed up to introduce a new autonomous driving shuttle service along Xinyi Road during off-peak hours, starting from May 2020. The collaboration began with the signing of an MOU in 2019, and Turing Drive proposed a 3-phase plan for the project.

Phase 1 involved preparing the necessary infrastructure by April, which included creating detailed HD maps, installing roadside units to enable communication between vehicles and infrastructure, setting up electric charging stations, and installing signboards.

Phase 2 focused on testing the operation, which started in May. The autonomous vehicle (AV) system was trained to get comfortable with different driving situations during this phase.

Phase 3, scheduled to begin in September, aimed to launch the actual passenger services if everything went smoothly during the testing phase.

The shuttle service would run back-and-forth on dedicated bus lanes along Xinyi Road, covering a distance of 12.3 kilometers from Zhongshan S. Rd. intersection to Keelung Rd. intersection. At the turning points on open roads, safety drivers would take control of the shuttles.

Turing Drive is a Taiwan-based startup specializing in developing autonomous driving systems. They have formed alliances with Tron Energy Corporation, Trillion, ThinkTron, International Integrated Systems (IISI), and Metropolitan Transport Corporation. Interestingly, Turing Drive and its team are responsible for producing 100% of the software and 70% of the hardware in Taiwan, which is a remarkable achievement among local companies.

Three electric autonomous Vehicles

The shuttle service would initially use three electric autonomous vehicles, including a 4-meter shuttle with a capacity of 9 passengers and a 6-meter shuttle that can accommodate up to 34 passengers. If certain conditions were met, the maximum speed and operating hours could be increased later on.

Through this joint initiative, the Taipei City Government and Turing Drive aimed to validate autonomous driving technologies and explore the potential of autonomous shuttles as a new public transport solution. The project was expected to stimulate Taiwan’s autonomous driving industry and provide a safe and convenient alternative for transportation during off-peak hours.

Is a self-driving bus in a smart city just a distant futuristic dream? Or are the concerns about connected cars and their potential dangers something that only Tesla drivers and researchers need to worry about in the far-off future?

In downtown Taipei, Taiwan, a self-driving bus is currently undergoing testing. It first hit the road in May, but without passengers. Now, it has progressed to the next phase of its trial run, from October to February 2021, where it’s carrying passengers, citizens, and even foreign visitors.

This electric bus, developed and operated by Turing Drive, comes equipped with advanced technology, including an HD map, GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) receivers, lidar (light detection and ranging) sensors, cameras, and radars. To ensure safety, the bus receives real-time traffic light status information from InVignal and uses two V2X (vehicle-to-everything) roadside units to detect potential collisions.

The bus follows a 12.3-km route on a dedicated bus lane daily from 12:30 a.m. to 2:30 a.m. (0:30 to 2:30). Even during off-peak hours, it was in high demand, and I had to wait for seven days to get a free trial-ride.

When my turn finally came, I joined other passengers at the assigned stop. I noticed how the bus smoothly came to a halt.

Before boarding, the observer scanned my QR code. This manual process will be replaced with an automated identification system when the bus becomes fully operational, and the observer role will be eliminated once the trial runs are complete.


Once inside, I saw a large screen displaying real-time parameters collected by the sensors, as well as a high-definition map with white lines representing the route.

CAN (Controller Area Network)

The bus operates on a Linux system, controlled via a CAN (Controller Area Network) bus. The GPU (graphics processing unit) calculates acceleration and braking decisions. The system worked well, although the driver had to manually intervene near traffic lights because the communication system displayed all red lights ahead. Once past the lights, the bus resumed autopilot mode. The driver joked that we were lucky, as the system had been functioning normally for a long time before our ride.

Overall, the bus accelerated and braked smoothly while following the mostly linear bus lanes. However, the road bumps were more noticeable due to the slow speed. As it was midnight, there were no other vehicles or pedestrians to thoroughly test the automatic braking system.

Despite the speed limit, the bus reached the next stop safely in around 15 minutes. All passengers received a souvenir bus ticket. My experience was mostly smooth, aside from the traffic light hiccup. Research revealed that some test runs experienced sudden braking when the bus detected cars in adjacent lanes, but Turing Drive promptly addressed the issue the next day.

During regular days and busy hours when traffic is heavy and pedestrians are crossing the streets. I eagerly look forward to my next ride and the day when this self-driving bus becomes a common sight on the roads during the daytime.

Below are some photos I took during the ride, showcasing the bus’s mechanisms and my souvenir ticket.

Security insights

The idea of self-driving buses navigating roads and safely transporting passengers from one location to another is truly remarkable.

Research into defense solutions for connected cars has highlighted the fact that this is a relatively new and unexplored realm, making the potential dangers largely speculative. Despite being in the testing phase, the presence of these buses on the road could bring anticipated threats closer to reality.

Threats to connected vehicles revolve around the mechanisms enabling them to drive autonomously and gather data from their surroundings. One notable concern is the CAN bus component, which could transmit malicious messages if exploited by threat actors. Attackers might abuse default system configurations, jam radio transmissions, or execute man-in-the-middle (MitM) wireless data transmissions.

Manufacturers and developers can invest efforts

In integrating security measures into the connected technologies that will drive various types of smart vehicles, including self-driving buses, in the future. In the meantime, implementing general security recommendations can be beneficial:

Implement an IDS/IPS for the CAN bus: These are network security systems that analyze traffic flow to detect and prevent network attacks. An IDS/IPS for the CAN bus monitors the vehicle’s network for suspicious messages using deep packet inspection.

Strengthen defenses against lidar and radar attacks: Research has shown potential vulnerabilities in lidar and radar sensors that could be exploited. Ensuring self-driving models are robust enough to fend off such attacks is crucial.

Secure the operating system: Given that the bus operates on Linux and CUDA applications, protective measures should be taken, just like any other operating system, to safeguard against threats.

Banner Content


Leave a Comment